What is love? Philosophers and scientists have been struggling to answer this question formany years. In the 1980s, American psychologist Robert Sternberg developed a 3-component theory of love which includes emotional intimacy, passion, and commitment. According to him, it’s these 3 points that constitute the beautiful feeling that thousandsof songs and books are written about. Later, thanks to his theory, Sternberg singled out 7 typesof love and we’re going to tell you about them in this article.

爱情是什么?许多年来,哲学家和科学家一直在努力寻找这个问题的答案。20世纪80年代,美国的心理学家罗伯特·斯腾伯格(Robert Sternberg )提出了一个爱情三要素的理论,该理论认为爱情有三个组成部分:亲密、激情和承诺。他认为,正是这三种东西构成了一种美妙感觉,成为了成千上万种歌曲和书籍歌颂的对象。之后,在此理论基础之上,斯腾伯格(Sternberg)归纳出了 7 种类型的爱情,这篇文章将为您一一讲述。

Here at Bright Side, we believe that feelings change over time. If you haven’t made it to theseventh type of love yet, you and your partner may just need more time.

BrightSide 认为,感情会随着时间的改变而改变。如果你和你的另一半还没有进入到第七种状态,那你们可能还需要一点时间呦!


Infatuation 迷恋式爱情

This is the period when people barely know each other, yet feel a mutual attraction. In sucha relationship, two people often don’t have the faintest idea of whether or not they haveanything in common, but they stay together anyway.



According to the psychologist, this infatuation can transform into something more completeover time, but this doesn’t always happen. Many couples don’t get beyond this type of love.



Liking 喜欢式爱情

In such relationships, you can always be yourself. In this type of love, people are usually unitedby common interests, views on life, and the feeling of being understood. Psychologists believethat such intimacy without passion and commitment will more likely result in friendship thanfull-fledged love.



Empty love 空洞式爱情

Couples experiencing this type of love have only commitment without intimacy andpassion. Sometimes this type of relationship appears after a big, fervent love, and sometimesit’s vice versa: people who experience empty love can change, which adds passion to theirfeelings.



Fatuous love 愚蠢式爱情

This type of love includes commitment and passion and is familiar to many couples. This is thekind of love that exists when 2 people are really attracted to each other and are ready to followcertain traditions like lavish weddings, exchanging vows, and sharing home duties, but don’thave true intimacy.


Psychologists think that such couples can live together for a long time, but their happinessis relative. In fact, they don’t perceive their partner as a friend.



Romantic love 浪漫式爱情

This kind of love includes passion and intimacy. People in such couples are attracted to eachother and feel comfortable next to one another, but they’re not ready to make seriouscommitments. Relationships of this type often don’t reach the level of cohabitationor marriage.



Companionate 同伴式爱情

Companionate love consists of commitment and intimacy. Such relationships are muchstronger than a usual friendship, and there’s a true attachment between the partners. Yet thisis a rather chaste agreement because this type of love lacks passion. Psychologists say that thecompanionate type of relationship can arise after long years of an acquaintance or marriage.



Consummate love 完美式爱情

This love consists of all 3 components: passion, emotional intimacy, andcommitment. Of course, their levels aren’t always equal, but it’s important to note that they’reall here. You can rarely see this type of relationship, yet if people manage to build them, theytruly love each other. Such couples will most likely be able to live a long life together and enjoytheir marriage.


Psychologists are sure that a person experiences various types of love in their lifetime. Sometimes it happens with the same partner: they get closer and move to a new level. Butother times it happens with different people. Either way, your relationship may not fit into oneof the standard 7 types of love and may balance between 2 of them.

心理学家认为,一个人一生会经历各种爱情。有时会和同一个伴侣一起体验不同的爱情:关系越来越近,并上升到一个新的高度。有时也会和不同的人一起经历。但是也有时候,爱情可能并不属于上述 7 种类型,而是处于某两种类型之间。


This typology will help you define what relationship you’re in now, and whether it’s worthcontinuing it. If you discuss it with your partner, maybe over time you’ll be able to transformyour type of love into a kind that both of you are happy with.




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